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    Content by Mika Satomi and Hannah Perner-Wilson
    E-Textile Tailor Shop by KOBAKANT
    The following institutions have funded our research and supported our work:

    Since 2020, Hannah is guest professor of the Spiel&&Objekt Master's program at the University of Performing Arts Ernst Busch in Berlin

    From 2013-2015 Mika was a guest professor at the eLab at Kunsthochschule Berlin-Weissensee

    From July - December 2013 Hannah was a researcher at the UdK's Design Research Lab

    From 2010-2012 Mika was a guest researcher in the Smart Textiles Design Lab at The Swedish School of Textiles

    From 2009 - 2011 Hannah was a graduate student in the MIT Media Lab's High-Low Tech research group led by Leah Buechley

    In 2009 Hannah and Mika were both research fellows at the Distance Lab

    Between 2003 - 2009 Hannah and Mika were both students at Interface Cultures
    We support the Open Source Hardware movement. All our own designs published on this website are released under the Free Cultural Works definition

    Fusible Interfacing

    also: Interweb, Bondaweb, Fusible, Interfacing, “Iron-on”, Fusible web…

    Piano T-Shirt

    5-6 December 2008 DIY Art and Technology Festival Zurich, Switzerland This workshop aims to be a short introduction into simple soft fabric electronic circuits. The materials used are cheap and off the shelf, so that the practice introduced in the workshop can be continued at home. Sewing, soldering and experimenting with materials is not hard […]

    Sewing Fabric Sensors

    This workshop gives a basic overview of how to get analog output from fabric pressure and bend sensors into the computer.

    Isolating Traces

    In most applications it is important to isolate the conductive traces. For stretchy traces this requires a stretchy isolation. So far we have experimented and had good results with: stretchy fabric glue, puffy fabric paint and extra layers of fabric.

    Stretchy Traces

    Stretchy conductive traces are great for wearables because their stretchiness makes these traces comfortable and durable against wear and strain.

    Circular Knitting Machines

    also: knitting nancy, knitting machine, German: Strickmühle also see: circular sock knitting machine These machines are amazingly easy to use. I bought myself a barbie Knitting machine via Amazon UK because it was cheaper than the more professional looking ones. It works fine for the circular knit but is very messy at the edges when […]


    Great for use in fabric buttons. Used inside the Massage me jackets to make fabric switches, using a hole making tool to make evenly spaced holes, allowing the conductive layers on either side of the foam to make contact.

    Resistive and Piezoresistive Fabrics

    Resistive fabrics tend to have an increasing resistance across distance and are great for making potentiometers and location sensors. Piezoresistive fabrics are often also resistive across distance (x,y) but have a resistance that decreases under pressure (mechanical stress) through the material (z). These materials are great for making pressure, bend and often stretch sensors. There […]

    Non-Stretchy Traces

    Non-stretchy traces make very stable connections on a non-stretch fabric but make less or no sense when working with stretchy fabrics.

    Fabric Potentiometer

    Following the same principal that you’ll find inside a traditional round and slider potentiometers. Both contain a wiper finger (conductive) and a resistive track. Normally both ends of the restive track end in separate measuring point tabs, as does the wiper finger. Thus you can choose to measure from either of the restive track tabs […]


    also: chloroprene Neoprene is the trade name used by DuPont Performance Elastomers. A synthetic rubber that is produced by polymerization of chloroprene. Sedochemicals produces sheets of Neoprene in the following qualities. For most of our sensors we use 1.5 mm (1/16 inch) thick HS quality neoprene with standard polyester jersey fused to either side. Check […]


    It is not always easy to find a local fabric store with a nice stock of stretchy and non stretchy fabrics. Online fabric shops have a large range of products, are normally used to shipping you selected samples before you place your order.

    Washability Tests

    We haven’t done any consistent experiments for washability of conductive fabrics, threads and connections. But we have washed the Perfect Human costume containing the neoprene bend sensors more than twice and it is still functioning as before. We excluded the collar and the circuitry from these washed.

    Fabric Glues

    Aleen’s Flexible Stretchable Fabric Glue is one of our favorite fabrics glues for isolating conductive materials. Other Anti-fray and liquid iron-on products also come in handy.

    Lasercut Fabric Circuits and Traces

    Fabric PCB’s are flexible, washable (hopefully) and sewable, even with sewing machines. The method we used is basically following the fabric PCB from Leah Buechley. You need a laser cutter to do this method, since the cut pieces are quite small and needs to be accurate. It will be quite difficult to cut this by […]

    Fabric Markers

    also: air-erasing markers, textile markers Marking pen, often bright purple in colour, that will vanish without washing. Do not iron over marks because heat will set the marks and they cannot be removed. Test on fabric before using. For darker fabrics chalk and white pencil works well. >> http://yarntree.com/cross-stitch/index.php?main_page=product_info&products_id=5753 (USA) >> http://www.clotilde.com/detail.html?prod_id=504 (USA)

    Fabric JoyPad

    This joypad is made up of four conductive thread pressure sensors. The analog transition between the directions (up, right, down and left) comes from the buffering material (in this case 3 cm thick squishy packing material) that absorbs and spreads the pressure from the user’s pushing, creating a gradual transition between the inputs.