Sustainability Motivations

October 5, 2017

The following is an attempt to get more specific on the environmental sustainability items we want to address with our KOBA Tailor Shop.

1) Our sustainability motivations
2) Hopeful outcomes
3) A walk through a concrete example of how we might get to these outcomes

When writing up our project proposal for the WEARsustain grant we focused on both social sustainability (diverse engagement in technology, personalization and local production) and environmental sustainability (materials and processes used in e-textiles). This post focusses on the environmental sustainability part of e-textiles, and our practice in particular.

Our goal is not to create an complete information package or ultimate guide to sustainable practice, rather we want to better inform ourselves on this subject and think of ways to share this information in our field to create a greater sense of empowerment of the maker/consumer. That our purchasing decisions carry weight, a first step in a direction of more involvement of the processes at large.

As an e-textile maker one draws upon resources produced all over the world, ordered online, one often doesn’t know where things are produced and the exact manufacturing techniques and conditions are often not shared to protect trade secrets. This physical distance and lack of information disconnects us from the materials we use, we lose the sense that we have an impact, let alone a say in how things are done. Thus the following “Hopeful Outcomes” are targeted primarily at making this space more understandable by preparing information about the materials we use (what are they made of, how are they made) and providing some guides that explain different manufacturing techniques, existing standards and systems, EOL options….

3) Hopeful Outcomes

Labels for materials (and processes)
Similar to the nutrition facts and organic/local/gmo labeling on food items. a set of parameters by which we can identify and quantify (not qualify) certain parameters of the materials we use such as material contents (fibers, metals…), production conditions (power consumption, pollution, labor rights…), recyclability, country of origin….
These labels are to provide information to create awareness, but not concluding what is better or worse. They could also include disposal information/alternatives.

Design guides
One or multiple guides that provide more detailed information about the e-textile materials and processes. examples:
– What happens if I trash/recycle an e-textile shirt in the current system(s) / how to best dispose of this material in the current system(s)?
– What alternatives do i have to disposal? (product life extension, upcycling, downcycling, recycling…)
– Design for repairability recommendations.
– Choice of battery/power options.
– Help to understand the various standards and labeling systems in electronics and textiles industry.
– Help to understand various rule/regulation systems around using/retailing e-textiles in wearable products.

3) Concrete Steps

Select Materials
We will make a selection of the materials we use in our work, for example:
– Carbon doped textiles by Eeonyx (http://eeonyx.com/)
– Metalized fabrics and threads by Statex (http://www.statex.de/en/shieldex-products/)
– Selection of conductive fabrics distributed by LessEMF (https://lessemf.com/fabric.html)
– Battery power solutions: LiPo, coin-cell (CR2032), AA…

Decide Parameters
We would work with somebody (yourself or somebody you can recommend) to decide relevant pieces of information to collect in regard to sustainability. Starting points could be:

Front end of the supply chain: conflict minerals (Dodd-Frank Act), CO2 emissions, water, energy use, environmental destruction and pollution, human rights labor violations, working conditions, social impact, corporate responsibility of producing companies…

Back end of the supply chain/end of life (EOL): disposal, recyclability options in different countries, accountability of manufacturers for their goods (Elektronik Schrott Verordnung)…..?

NOTE: How does our “tailored” aspect play into these points – thinking that something tailormade is something you will keep for longer and pass down or on to others (weight diverted from landfill?)

Research existing standards/systems – what existing standards/systems are in place for capturing/documenting/evaluating these parameters (biocompatible, RoHS compliant, Öko Tex Standard 100, ISO 14001 on Environmental Management System, and ISO 50001 on Energy Management….)?

Collect information
this person (or somebody else) would then research and collect this information for us.

Process and prepare information (publish results)
We then take this information and think about how to prepare it so that it is most useful to designers/makers like ourselves who are selecting these materials for use.
From here on it depends very much what the outcome is. It would be nice to publish a labeling system and design guidelines, and to find ways to promote these so that other in our field/position can apply it to their practice. A workshop/conference on this topic could be something nice to host in our shop space.

Apply information
Based on this information we would like to re-make and invent new e-textiles designs for sensors, actuators, circuitry, connections…. But not sure this is in the scope.

Day 10
The above picture was taken to capture the E-Textile waste produced when weaving conductive fabrics using metalized and metal threads. Tag your photos #etextilewaste to help create a pool of photos of the kinds of waste our practices produce.



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