Example Projects

Circuits and Code Wireless

Meet the Materials
Conductive Materials
Non-Conductive Materials
Thinking Out Loud
  • 3D Printed Sensors
  • Adjustable Slider
  • Analog Pin Stroke Sensor
  • Balloon Sensor
  • Beaded Sway Sensor
  • Beaded Tilt Sensor Swatch
  • Bonded Bend Sensor
  • Button Buttons
  • Button Switch
  • Capacitive Fabric Slider/Wheels
  • Cast Pressure Sensor
  • Circular Knit Inflation Sensor
  • Circular Knit Stretch Sensors
  • Conductive Pompom
  • Constructed Stretch Sensors
  • Copper Pompom
  • Crochet Button
  • Crochet Conductive Bead
  • crochet crotch lemon
  • Crochet finger Sensor
  • crochet pressure sensor
  • Crochet Tilt Potentiometer
  • Crochet/Knit Pressure Sensors
  • Crochet/Knit Squeeze Sensors
  • dangle data gloves
  • Danish Krown Slide-Switch
  • Dataglove Flex Sensor Rig
  • Donut Pot
  • Resistive Sensors Overview
  • Elastic Button Fabric
  • Embroidered Potentiometers
  • extreme knobbly knee sensor
  • Fabric Button
  • Fabric Potentiometer
  • Fabric Stretch Sensors
  • felted crochet pressure sensor
  • Felted Pompom Pressure Sensor
  • Finger Sensor
  • Fingertip Contact Switch
  • Fish Scale Sensor
  • Fleckerlteppich Pressure Sensor
  • Position Sensing on the Body
  • interested sensor #2
  • interested sensor #1
  • JoyButton
  • Kinesiology Tape bend sensor
  • Knit Ball Sensors
  • Knit Contact Switch
  • Knit Stroke Sensors
  • Knit Touchpad
  • Knit Wrist Sensors
  • Knit Accelerometer
  • Knit Stretch Sensors
  • Light Touch Pressure Sensor
  • Magnetic Pincushion Sensor
  • Matrix: Anti-Static Foam
  • Matrix: Kapton + Copper
  • Matrix: Neoprene
  • Matrix: Simple (by hand)
  • Matrix: Simple (by machine)
  • Matrix: Soft Fabric
  • Matrix: Stretchy Touchpad
  • Matrix: Woven (non-stretch)
  • Matrix: Woven (stretchy)
  • Needle Felt Squeeze Sensor
  • Neoprene Bend Sensor
  • Neoprene Pressure Sensor
  • Neoprene Stroke Bracelet
  • painted stretch sensor
  • Paper + Aluminum foil pressure sensor
  • Paper + Aluminum foil contact switch
  • Piezoresistive Fabric Touchpad
  • Pin Pot
  • Pin Stroke Gauntlet
  • Pompom Tilt Sensor
  • Pressure Button
  • Sheath Bend Sensor
  • Simple Fabric Pressure Sensors
  • Skin Sensor
  • Sole Sensing
  • Spikey Stroke Sensors
  • Spinning Sensor Yarn
  • Stickytape Sensors
  • Stocking Skin Stretch Sensor
  • Stroke Sensor
  • Textile Sensor Demos for Summer School
  • Tilt Potentiometer
  • Tilt Potentiometer II
  • Tilt Sensor
  • VOLTAGE DIVIDER worksheet
  • Voodoo Sensor
  • Wimper Switch
  • Woven Pressure sensors
  • Wrist-Flick-Sensor
  • Zebra Fabric Stroke Sensors
  • Zipper Slider
  • Zipper Switch
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    Content by Mika Satomi and Hannah Perner-Wilson
    E-Textile Tailor Shop by KOBAKANT
    The following institutions have funded our research and supported our work:

    Since 2020, Hannah is guest professor of the Spiel&&Objekt Master's program at the University of Performing Arts Ernst Busch in Berlin

    From 2013-2015 Mika was a guest professor at the eLab at Kunsthochschule Berlin-Weissensee

    From July - December 2013 Hannah was a researcher at the UdK's Design Research Lab

    From 2010-2012 Mika was a guest researcher in the Smart Textiles Design Lab at The Swedish School of Textiles

    From 2009 - 2011 Hannah was a graduate student in the MIT Media Lab's High-Low Tech research group led by Leah Buechley

    In 2009 Hannah and Mika were both research fellows at the Distance Lab

    Between 2003 - 2009 Hannah and Mika were both students at Interface Cultures
    We support the Open Source Hardware movement. All our own designs published on this website are released under the Free Cultural Works definition

    Danish Krown Slide-Switch

    Two danish 1 Krone coins strung on conductive thread. When the coins meet the electrical contact between the threads is bridged, thus closing the “switch”. There are so many different kinds of materials in the world! Conductive, resistive, pizeoresistive, semi-conductive, non-conductive. We use them every day, in all kinds of different ways. Why not use them to build and customize our very own sensors.

    Instructable >> http://www.instructables.com/id/EVXAD27HW6T1Z6S/

    The Danish Krown Slide-Switch is one example of a sensor assembled from materials you’d encounter in your every day life. Two Danish Kroner coins, some conducive thread and a piece of felt. It detects whether two Danish Krowns are touching or not. If they are touching, the switch is closed. If they are not touching the switch is open. Connected to further circuitry, this simple homemade switch can be used to turn on and off a light. Switch the TV channel. Turn up the volume on your iPod. Click a button on your keyboard. Add effects to your synthesizer. And so much more.


    Materials and Tools

    – 2 x Danish Krowns (or other currency with hole in center of coin)
    – 1m of conductive thread
    – 10 x 20 cm of thick (3-5mm) felt

    – Scissors
    – Sewing needle

    Sewing with Conductive Thread

    Tie a knot in the end of your conductive thread. Start by sewing through the back of the felt at one end of the coin’s slider paths. Make sure the knot holds at the back of the felt, or sew back and forth to have a stable starting point.

    Thread the thread through the hole of one coin, then continue sewing to the felt about 15cm away from your starting point (knot). Sew to the edge of the felt and create a tab there that will be one of the leads (connection points) of your sensor.

    Now back-track and sew back through the hole in the coin, but this time sew through the hole the opposite way you sewed through it the first time!

    Sew back into the fabric at your starting point and tie a knot in the thread to end the sewing.

    Repeat the above instructions for the second coin and it’s slider path.

    TIP: Use a bit of nail-varnish on the knots of conductive thread to keep them from coming undone.


    To test your sensor works, you can simply hook it up to a multimeter. Connect either tab of your sensor to a lead from the multimeter. Set the multimeter to measure continuity (“–>|”, “beep”) or resistance (“Ω”, Ohm).

    When the coins are not touching the multimeter should not beep, or show no resistance.

    When the coins are touching the multimeter should beet, or show a relatively low (less than 100 Ohm) resistance.

    You can also connect your sensor to a basic circuit consisting of a power source (battery) and LED light, similar to this ​Resistance Visualization Tool circuit >> http://www.kobakant.at/DIY/?p=5054


    If your sensor is constantly connected: check the back of your sewing to make sure the conductive threads are not touching anywhere.

    If your sensor never connects: use the multimeter to check that your coins, your thread and the connections all the way back to either lead of the multimeter are conductive.

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